The fresh new participants’ market recommendations, such as gender, grade peak, school ring and SES, was also collected
During the Hong kong, secondary school youngsters is put into three university groups-bands step one, 2 and you may step 3 according to the educational conclusion. The latest scaled internal and external testing marks of all of the college students had been ordered. They was basically similarly split into around three school groups and designated so you can additional universities, for every single consisting of 1/3rd of the final amount of children . Into SES, month-to-month family revenues out of HK$ 0–fourteen,999, HK$fifteen,000–29,999 and HK$>31,000 denoted the reduced-, medium- and you may highest-money category, respectively. The newest medium-earnings classification brings in new median month-to-month domestic home money .
Pearson’s Product-Moment Relationship was utilized to compute the new correlations involving the characteristics off seen PL and you can PA levels. Multiple regression data was used to examine the relationship within perceived PL and you will PA quantities of men and women users. Detailed statistics of participants’ market pointers, such as sex, levels height (junior and you may elder secondary), college ring and you will SES had been noticed throughout the Pearson’s Device-Time Relationship so you can compute the fresh correlation ranging from observed PL and PA profile. This new z-ratings involving the correlations was in fact determined to look at whether those people samples have been notably different . SPSS version 22 to own Screen was used on the study study. Brand new confidence top try lay because 95% (P ? 0.05) to keep mathematical precision.
The newest teenagers said their observed PL on average once the (±dos.22), (±2.11) and (±step one.90) on the around three parts, ‘sense of thinking and care about-confidence’, ‘self-phrase and you will communications which have others’ and you will ‘training and you can understanding’, correspondingly. The mediocre everyday PA time and strength is 74 moments at the a strolling rate, that have 34 times at a method speed and 27 minutes at a vigorous speed, and that found the principles recommending at the very least 60 minutes everyday from contribution in any MVPA (61 moments). The full time spent in numerous PA domains is actually an average of, 47 times at school, 17 minutes at your home, 66 minutes during the transportation and you will forty eight times throughout athletics.
Table 1 shows the significant correlations between the perceived PL and PA levels (r = 0.227, p < 0.01) of the Hong Kong adolescents measured by the PPLI and IPAQ-A. Although the correlations are modest, components of perceived PL, intensities of PA levels and three domains (school, transportation, and recreation) of PA were significantly correlated (r = 0.067–0.292, p < 0.01). No significant correlation was found for the home domain.
A multiple linear regression was calculated to predict the PA levels of participants based on their perceived PL attributes. Preliminary analyses were performed to ensure no violations of the assumptions of normality, linearity and multicollinearity. Table 2 shows the significant regression equation (F (3, 1941) = , p < 0.01), with an R 2 of 0.052. The participants predicted PA levels were –5490 + 366.1 (sense of self and self-confidence) + (self-expression and communication with others) + (knowledge and understanding) MET minutes when the attributes of perceived PL were measured on a 5-point Likert Scale. The results showed that sense of self and self-confidence (? = 0.123, p = 0.000), self-expression and communication with others (? = 0.071, p = 0.003) and knowledge and understanding (? = 0.082, p = 0.007) were positively related to PA level. The participants' mean PA levels increased by 366.1, and MET minutes for each attribute score of perceived PL. All attributes of perceived PL were significant predictors of PA level.
The analysis people upcoming browsed the factors off sex, stages top, school ring and you will SES as well as their effect on the relationship ranging from identified PL and you may PA account, since the revealed in Desk step 3. All of the organizations shown extreme absolutely correlations anywhere between observed PL and you can PA.